Initial and Final Setting Time of Cement Code:
 IS 4031 part 5:1988 Determination of Initial and Final setting time of cement
Aim:
 To determine the initial and final Setting of cement

Apparatus
1- Vicat apparatus conforming to IS: 5513-1976.


2- Balance of capacity 1 kg and sensitivity 1 gram.


3- Gauging trowel conforming to IS: 10086-1982.

4- Stop Watch.

 

Procedure
1- Unless otherwise specified this test shall be conducted at a temperature of 27 +
20 C and 65 + 5% of relative humidity of the Laboratory.
2- Prepare a paste of 300 grams of cement with 0.85 times the water required to a
give a paste of standard consistency IS: 4031 (Part 4) 1988.
3- The time of gauging in any case shall not be less than 3 minutes not more than 5
minutes and the gauging shall be completed before any sign of setting occurs.


4- Count the time of gauging from the time of adding water to the dry cement until
commencing to fill the mould
5- Fill the vicat mould with this paste making it level with the top of the mould.
6- Slightly shake the mould to expel the air.
7-  In filling the mould the operator hands and the blade the gauging trowel shall only
be used.


Initial Setting Time
1- Immediately place the test block with the non-porous resting plate, under the rod
bearing the initial setting needle.
2- Lower the needle and quickly release allowing it to penetrate in to the mould.
3- In the beginning the needle will completely pierce the mould
4- Repeat this procedure until the needle fails to pierce the mould for 5 + 0.5mm.
5- Record the period elapsed between the time of adding water to the cement to the
time when needle fails to pierce the mould by 5 + 0.5mm as the initial setting time.


Final Setting Time
1- Replace the needle of the vicat apparatus by the needle with an annular ring
2- Lower the needle and quickly release.
3- Repeat the process until the annular ring makes an impression on the mould.
4- Record the period elapsed between the time of adding water to the cement to the
time when the annular ring fails to make the impression on the mould as the final
setting time.

 Report

Report the initial setting time and final setting time in minutes.

Precaution
The time of gauging in any case shall not be less than 3 minutes not more than
5 minutes.

Standard specification

Cement Type Initial Setting Time, min (min.) Final Setting Time, min (max.)
OPC(33) 30 600
OPC(43) 30 600
OPC(53) 30 600
SRC 30 600
PPC 30 600
RHPC 30 600
PSC 30 600
High alumina 30 600
Super sulphated 30 600
Low heat 60 600
Masonry cement 90 1440
IRS-T-40 60 600

How To Determine The Initial And  Final Setting Time Of The Cement 

 

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