Gabion walls are made up of row upon row of orthogonal cages or baskets (gabions) which are filled with rock fragments/cobbles and tied together. This arrangement forms a block of gravity structure that is able to withstand lateral pressure on it. Furthermore, the permeability of the rock fragments and the flexibility of gabion cages make them particularly suitable for use at sites that are liable to become saturated and where the foundation is composed of relatively compressible materials.


Gabion walls are relatively simple to construct. Where suitable rock is readily available, the use of gabion walls is particularly attractive for reasons of economy and speed of construction. In more recent times, gabion walls are generally used as decorative walls in compounds or gardens and are aesthetically pleasing. However, gabion walls can be designed as retaining structures.

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