A retaining wall must hold all the soil between itself and the failure plane. The failure plane is the angle at which the soil can retain itself before collapsing. A strong wall is developed with a well-compacted base material and stepped-back materials.
Also, it should have compacted material facing the wall to avoid kick-out.
In the end, a wall will always fail if it contains an irregular base, if it has no compacted material ahead of it, or if the wall has no step-back. From upper to lower, a wall that is developed efficiently will either resist water from flowing behind the wall or steers it away instantly when it does. Water stuck behind a wall shoves against it and raises the weight of the soil, which also shoves against it. A wall should have the capability to handle water, otherwise, the water will move the blocks out of place.

Types of Retaining Walls

1- Gravity Retaining Wall

2- Crib Retaining Wall

3- Gabion Retaining Walls

4- Cantilever Retaining Wall

5- Counter-fort / Buttressed Retaining Wall

6- Anchored Retaining Wall

7- Piled Retaining Wall

8- Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) Retaining wall

9- Hybrid Systems

For More Information Watch This Video

This construction video is based on a construction sequence animation. The animation is created for arranging the reinforcement of a single retaining wall panel.

For More Info. About Retaining wall

Click Here To See Retaining Wall Design Spreadsheet

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