Irrigation is a lifeline of the agricultural industry, so choosing the suitable method becomes inevitable. You must be aware of the various types of flooding, like drip irrigation, lateral irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, etc. Before you choose any of the methods to irrigate your fields, it’s essential to know the advantages and disadvantages. Here we will tell you about the advantages and disadvantages of the popular technique of irrigation that is Sprinkler Irrigation.
What is Sprinkler irrigation?
Sprinkler Irrigation is a technique of applying water to the crops artificially likes rainfall. In this method, water is sprayed into the air via networks of pipes. It is one of the most convenient ways to water the crops uniformly. But just like every other thing, Sprinkler irrigation too has some advantages and disadvantages, which we have listed out below.
Types of Sprinklers
1- Low volume sprinklers
2- Medium volume sprinklers
3- Large volume sprinklers
Advantages Of Sprinkler Irrigation
1- Suitable for all types of field condition (except heavy clay soil).
2- Uniform distribution of water with high efficiency.
3- Less land loss provides more land area for cultivation.
4- Loss of water is minimum.
5- Accurate and easy measurement of distributed water.
6- Soluble fertilizers, herbicides and fungicides can be added in water before distributing to the crops.
7- Reduces labour cost.
8- Easy to operate.
Disadvantages Of Sprinkler Irrigation
1- High initial cost.
2- The water must be clean and free of sand, debris and dissolve salts.
3- Cannot be used in a windy climate.
4- Fruits/crops can be damaged due to excessive water.
5- Requires high and continuous power supply.