The column is a long cylindrical member subjected to axial compression. Column carries self-weight and loads coming on it.  Generally,  load transfers through its longitudinal direction. The column is categorized based on its height. Every material used in the building experience both compression and tension stress that’s how we designed modern buildings. Columns consist of two major materials one is concrete and the second one is steel. Architects do calculate the total stress caused by the live and dead load of the entire building and will design the internal components (foundation, beam, and columns) of the building. So if the applied stress exceeds allowable stress (calculated) then structures start to fail.

Types of Column Failure

1- Compression Failure

2- Buckling Failure

3- Shear Failure

Click Here To See How To Calculate The Load Carrying Capacity Of A Column | Design Of RCC Column

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