Everybody is aware of tectonic plates’ presence and how they affect the crust’s movement on the planet. The movement or collision of these tectonic plates, which releases a great deal of energy, causes earthquakes. using the Richter scale to assess this Mantle convection, a phenomenon where heated mantle currents pull plates of lithosphere along like a conveyor belt may typically be blamed for the movement of these tectonic plates. Alternatively, the mantle’s buoyant upwelling at mid-ocean ridges may be the source. The lithosphere that is located farther from the ridge is in this instance pushed away by gravity as a result of the higher plate near the ridge. The older, colder plates tend to descend in subduction zones, which is another feature that might be the explanation. Subsequently, the cooler sinking plate pulls the rest of the warmer plate along behind it.