If the construction work is intended for the small area, the reinforcement detailing can be transferred to the bar benders. They will deal with the cutting length. But be careful that it may not be perfect as they do not consider the bends and cranks. They may provide some additional inches to the bars for the bends which are fully imperfect. Therefore, to get rid of this issue, a site engineer should try to compute calculate the cutting length independently.
In this article, a detailed explanation is given for working out the length for reinforcement bars of the slab.
The calculation is made on the following dimensions
Diameter of the bar = 12 mm
Clear Cover = 25 mm
Clear Span (L) = 8000
Slab Thickness = 200 mm
Development Length(Ld) = 40d
Process for computation
Cutting Length = Clear Span of Slab + (2 x Development Length) + (2 x inclined length) – (45° bend x 4) – (90° bend x 2)
Inclined length = D/(sin 45°) – dD/ (tan 45°) = (D/0.7071) – (D/1)= (1D – 0.7071D)/0.7071= 0.42 D
There exist four 45°bends at the inner side (1,2,3 & 4) and two 90° bends ( a,b ).
45 ° = 1d; 90 ° = 2d
Cutting Length = Clear Span of Slab + (2 X Ld) +(2 x 0.42D) – (1d x 4) – (2d x 2) [BBS Shape Codes]
d denotes Diameter of the bar.
Ld denotes Development length of the bar.
D denotes Height of the bending bar.
With the above formula, all values are established exclusive of ‘D’.
So, it is we need to find out the value of “D”.
D = Slab Thickness – (2 x clear cover) – (diameter of bar)
= 200 – (2 × 25) – 12
= 138 mm
As soon as all values are entered in the formula, we get the following :-
Cutting Length = Clear Span of Slab + (2 x Ld) +(2 x 0.42D) – (1d x 4) – (2d x 2)
= 8000 + (2 x 40 x 12) +(2 x 0.42 x 138) – (1 x 12 x 4) – (2 x 12 x 2)
∴ Cutting Length = 8980 mm or 8.98 m.
Therefore, for the above dimension, you need to cut the main bars 8.98 m in length.