Retaining walls are relatively rigid walls used for supporting the soil mass laterally so that the soil can be retained at different levels on the two sides. Retaining walls are structures designed to restrain soil to a slope that it would not naturally keep to (typically a steep, near-vertical or vertical slope). They are used to bound soils between two different elevations often in areas of terrain possessing undesirable slopes or in areas where the landscape needs to be shaped severely and engineered for more specific purposes like hillside farming or roadway overpasses.
Types Of Retaining walls
3- Sheet piling.
4- Bored pile.
Some useful information on Retaining Walls
A retaining wall must hold all the soil between itself and the failure plane. The failure plane is the angle at which the soil can retain itself before collapsing.
A strong wall is developed with a well-compacted base material and stepped-back materials. Also, it should have compacted material facing the wall to avoid kick-out.
In the end, a wall will always fail if it contains an irregular base, if it has no compacted material ahead of it, or if the wall has no step-back.
From upper to lower, a wall that is developed efficiently will either resist water from flowing behind the wall or steers it away instantly when it does.
Water stuck behind a wall shoves against it and raises the weight of the soil, which also shoves against it.
A wall should have the capability to handle water, otherwise, the water will move the blocks out of place.
This construction video is based on a construction sequence animation. The animation is created for arranging the reinforcement of a single retaining wall panel.
For More Information Watch This Video