Boilers are defined as “Boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other liquid is heated, steam or vapor is generated, steam is superheated, or any combination thereof, under pressure or vacuum, for use external to itself, by the direct application of energy from the combustion of fuels, from electricity or nuclear energy.

The boiler system functions with the heat distribution system, heat-emitting system, and control systems. The boiler is the main working component of thermal power plants.

Types of Boiler and Classifications of Boiler:
1. According to the position of water and hot gasses
• Fire Tube Boiler
• Water Tube Boiler
2. According to Axis of Shell
• Horizontal Boiler
• Vertical Boiler
3. According to the position of the boiler
• External Fired Boiler

4. According to the pressure
• Low-Pressure Boiler
• High-Pressure Boiler
5. According to the method of circulation
• Natural Circulation Boiler
• forced Circulation Boiler
6. According to the use of boilers
• Mobile Boiler

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